Third Committee - SOCHUM
Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee
Topic A: Protecting Worker's Rights in Developing Nation
Workers' rights in developing nations are usually neglected. This can be observed through the minimum wages around the world, it is often seen that most of the developing nations don’t event have an official minimum wage. Other countries do have an official minimum wage, but the law is limited to certain sectors of the work force. Lastly, in some countries the minimum wage is so low that it isn’t enough for workers to access the basic goods to sustain their families. Additionally, not only wages are neglected, but their lives are put at risk due to working conditions. The majority of developing nations depend on menial labor, such as mining or construction, and workers are not provided with the safety measures. Workers are exposed to various dangers, from accidents when using heavy machinery, to exposure to chemicals or other hazards.
The lack of job opportunity and education, along with poverty, are pivotal in the basis of this topic. High unemployment rates, along with extreme poverty in those countries force citizens to accept jobs wherever they can find them. And due to the lack of education, workers are at a much weaker position to negotiate better working conditions, as they are easily replaceable. Furthermore, the cheap cost of labor in developing nations attracts big corporations to develop their industries. As a result, international companies exploit labor and conveniently abide by the laws in the country operating, regardless of their domestic policies and worker’s rights.
Topic B: Promotion of Just, Peaceful, and Inclusive Societies
This topic is found as Goal 16 of the Sustainable Development 2030 agenda. The Sustainable Development Goals are an intergovernmental set of aspiration Goals with 169 targets. The Goals are contained in paragraph 51 United Nations Resolution A/RES/70/1 of 25 September 2015.The Resolution is a broader intergovernmental agreement that, while acting as the Post 2015 Development Agenda, builds on the Principles agreed upon under Resolution A/RES/66/288, popularly known as “The Future We Want.”
Corruption is one of the main reasons institutions become unstable within societies. Among the institutions most affected by corruption are the judiciary and police.
Corruption, bribery, theft and tax evasion cost some US $1.26 trillion for developing countries per year; this amount of money could have been used to lift those who are living under precarious conditions, with no access to clean water, food, education, or job opportunities. The rate of children leaving primary school in conflict affected countries reached 50 per cent in 2011, which accounts to 28.5 million children, showing the impact of unstable societies on one of the major goals of the post 2015 agenda: education. This goal looks forward eradicating corruption, bribery, illicit activities, trafficking, developing effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels, amongst others.
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Letter from your Chair
Chair, Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee