United Nations Industrial Development Organization
Topic A: Non-communicable Diseases in Developing Nations
As more countries industrialize and scientific progress advances, the threat of communicable diseases has been replaced with that of noncommunicable ones. Driven by forces such as rapid unplanned urbanization, increased life expectancy, and the globalization of unhealthy lifestyles, NCD's disproportionally affect low income households and exist as a direct threat to development, impeding poverty reduction and ultimately leading to a stagnation in progress toward Sustainable Development Goals.
When discussing noncommunicable diseases in developing nations, delegates will need to identify the socioeconomic and behavioral risk factors which contribute to NCD's, and create measures to mitigate and prevent these. Delegates will also need to consider the costs associated with noncommunicable diseases, and determine how to improve healthcare to better accommodate this trend.
Topic B: Response to HIV/AIDS
While sporadic reports of HIV/AIDs were reported in the 1970s, statistical information regarding the disease before then is unavailable, although it is widely suspected that the disease first transferred from chimpanzees to humans in the early 1920s. The first noticeable AIDs epidemic occurred in 1980, when peculiar disease patterns among homosexual men were recorded in southern California. Researchers soon designated the disease with the name “acquired immunodeficiency syndrome”, and by 1983, scientists discovered the disease had spread to heterosexual humans as well. In 1984, the specific cause of AIDs was discovered, the retrovirus HTLV-III. Since then, about 78 million people have been infected by the disease, and about 39 million people have died. Due to a lack of information regarding the subject, a lack of resources to prevent people in developing nations from contraction, and cultural and societal norms which shame HIV patients and prevent them from seeking help, developing nations currently suffer the most losses from the disease. Currently, about 36.9 million people suffer from HIV/AIDs, and the large majority of these people reside in low and middle income countries. About 2.6 million children suffer from the disease, having obtained it through HIV positive mothers during breastfeeding or childbirth.
Letter from your Chair
I am a freshman studying Economics, Political Science, and Public Health at the U, and am from Miami originally. Along with Model United Nations, I also participate in Student Government and am a part of the Miami Hurricane. In my spare time, I enjoy playing viola, taking photos, and binge watching shows on Netflix. This is my first time chairing a college run MUN committee- I look forward to meeting you all, and am very excited to see what ideas you have for committee.
All the best,