Topic A: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services in Health-care facilities

 

Water safety and quality are fundamental to human development and well-being. Providing access to safe water is one of the most effective instruments in promoting health and reducing poverty. As the international authority on public health and water quality, WHO leads global efforts to prevent transmission of waterborne disease. Nonetheless, sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on health both in households and across communities. Last but not least, hygiene is a set of practices performed to preserve health. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "Hygiene refers to conditions and practices that help to maintain health and prevent the spread of diseases" Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services are fundamental for the provision of quality, people-centered care, and the cost of service delivery. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on health both in households and across communities. Better WASH services in health care facilities results in higher quality of care; fewer health care associated infections; greater use of health services; and improvements in staff retention and morale. All major initiatives to improve global health depend on access to basic WASH services in communities and health care facilities. In order to secure sustainability for implemented WASH measures,  International recognition of the need for global monitoring of WASH in health care facilities against an agreed global target may spur the establishment or revision of national targets.

Moreover, in this committee we will be furthering the debate on WASH and how it contributes to disease outbreaks and only leads to a cycle where the country continues to suffer in poverty. The overall problem here is that National plans for WASH services in health care facilities are lacking and that large disparities in WASH services in health care facilities currently exist between and within countries.

 

Topic B: Human Genomics in Global Health

 

Human Genomics focuses on the application of genomic analysis in all aspects of human health and disease, as well as the genomic analysis of adverse drug. Genetics, however, is the sum total of genetic material present in an organism. The World Health Organization encourages talks on the global scale by instituting a plethora of novel measures. Among these measures include the hosting of an international forum of exchange with the aim of fostering professional interactions and debates in the areas of human genomics, global health, and service delivery and safety, the raising awareness of human genomics and its clinical applications among public health officials, particularly in Ministries of Health, the promotion of access to training and educational tools in genomics to health care professionals, policy-makers and the public, in order to improve genetic service management and delivery and most importantly the addressing of ethical and regulatory issues arising from genomic research and its clinical applications, e.g. sharing of human genomic information.Hence in this committee, there will be a core emphasis on the WHO and its policies that are aimed to promote awareness within the health sector, governments and wider public on the health challenges and opportunities within the rapid advancement of human genomics. In a world, where Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats or CRISPR (genetic editing tool), and  3-parent babies exist, the time for discussion about Genomics and Global Health has arrived. In addition, the initiative stipulated by the WHO focuses on the development of innovative approaches in the field of human genetics and genomics. The recognition of human genetic research and related biotechnologies is imperative to mitigating global health disparities. This is a double delegate committee.

 

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The World Health Organization 

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